Chabo / Japanese bantam

History
A very special breed, it only exists as a bantam, there have been lots of names for these animals (at least in the Netherlands): Chinese bantams, Japanese bantams, Japanese Chabo, Chabo bantam. The Dutch NHDB chooses the name Chabo in 1987.
They originate from China. There's a Chabo rooster on the painting "de Hoenderhof" from Jan Steen it's from 1660.  The short-legged high tailed Chabo is a Japanese breeding direction; probably European sailors brought Chabos from China to Japan. They could reach the Japanese harbours from 1650.  In Europe they were breed seriously from 1860, then Chabos were brought to England.

Description
Small and low positioned animals with a broad well-rounded chest. Head and neck are carried high. The well-feathered tail is steep carried, especially with the rooster. The rooster has a large broad head certainly for the size of the body. The yellow beak is short and slightly bended, furthermore a firm red comb which is big and fleshy. The eyes are orange till dark red. The ears are red, smooth and oval and the wattles are smooth and long.
The broad wings are carried low, the legs are very short and the colour is yellow.
Weight of the rooster: 625-725 gram, the hen 575-625 gram.
There are also frizzled, silky feathered and bulb tail Chabos.

Colours
In the Netherlands 27 colours are recognized

Characteristics
Chabos walk shuffled, the animals should be kept in dry houses and covered coops. They can be kept in a small house. It's a familiar breed but they are lively and temperamental. The roosters aren't combative. There's a good laying during spring and summer. The light coloured eggs have a weight of 35 gram. Hens can be broody and they are good mothers. The shortness of the legs is a lethal factor. Only the chicks, which are breed impure for the shortness of the legs or the ones, which don't have this factor at all, will come out of the egg and stay alive.
With large numbers 75% can come out of the egg and stay alive, 25% don't. Of course there's also a "normal" percentage that won't stay alive.