|The Plymouth Rock was first exhibited at
America's first poultry show, in 1829 in Boston. It is believed that these
original fowls lost their identity and that the progenitors of our present
Barred Plymouth Rocks were first exhibited in 1869 at Worcester,
Massachusetts. These were composites of several blood lines. The first and
most prominent cross was that of a Dominique male with Black Cochin or
Black Java females, which was originally made at Putnam, Connecticut. The
Dominique male used was not the American or Rose-Comb Dominique, but
rather a single-combed, hawk-colored fowl commonly found in that locality.
This Plymouth Rock was recognized as a distinct breed and was admitted to
the first American Standard of Excellence, in 1874.
Whether the Plymouth Rock originated from a Dominique-Black Cochin or from a Dominique-Black Java cross is a debatable question. Both have been used synonymously in show classifications.
White Plymouth Rocks were white sports of the Barred variety, other strains trace their ancestry to other white fowls.
Buff Plymouth Rocks originated in Rhode Island, not far from Fall River, Massachusetts, and were first exhibited as Golden Buffs. Buff Cochin blood was introduced in some strains in New York State.
Silver Penciled Plymouth Rocks originated in the state of New York. Dark Brahma and Silver Penciled Wyandotte blood were used to produce this variety.
Partridge Plymouth Rocks are a result of Partridge Cochin, Dark Cornish, Single-comb Golden Wyandotte males, Brown Leghorns, Golden Laced Wyandottes and Barred Plymouth Rocks being amalgamated to form the new variety.
Columbian Plymouth Rocks originated in Ohio as the result of crosses between Light Brahmas, Barred Plymouth Rocks, White Plymouth Rocks and Columbian Wyandottes.
The Plymouth Rock is a dual purpose fowl for the production of eggs and meat. The color of the skin is yellow, the egg shell is brown. There may be considerable difference in the shades or tints of shell which vary from a very light to a dark brown, depending on the strain and the stage of production.